Quran is a book designed in a way that its consistency can be tested. A concept or sentence can also be found in other verses. In this way Allah created an incredible book with combinations of sentences it made using very few words. At the same time, while this feature makes sense of the Qur’an, it makes taking similar sentences into account obligatory. Otherwise, distortions or misunderstandings give themselves away. Today there are many misunderstandings in the translation of the Qur’an. But with the Qur’an being protected by Allah and by being self-explanatory, it gives the best answers to those with distorted minds.
One of the words whose meaning is being distorted for centuries is “Cizye”. According to the traditional ecole, Cizye is; It is a type of tax that is taken from non-Muslims in Islamic countries. As its source at-Tawbah Surah verse 29 is shown. Is this situation really practiced according to this for centuries? Or is a superior morality, a universal civil code described in at-Tawbah verse 29?
Fight those who do not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day, nor forbid what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden, nor abide by the religion of truth—from among those who received the Scripture—until they pay the due tax, willingly or unwillingly. at-Tawbah Surah 29
Yes, as we have mentioned above, the only way to solve an issue, meaning or a problem is to submit it to the Qur’an. Cizye derives from « Ceza » (Penalty) base. (Explained clearly in Figure 1.) It is a compensation paid for wars, in other words, it is a compensation which the attacking states are obliged to pay to the victorious states for the damages they made. There are examples in history like cizye. In addition, cizye is a penalty that also exists in civil law. When we look at our recent history, war compensation paid by Germany after World War II is cizye. Also, in our recent history,
In Islam, war is only for defense, and it is only directed at the party participating in the war. In Islam, it is essential to win over the people, not kill them. When going to war, Muslims have to take steps according to fair battle principles. You can read these principles in http://kurandaceliskiolmaz.com/kuranda-inkarcilarla-savasin-sinirlari-fetih-savasi-iddiasi.
So, cizye is not “a type of tax received from non-Muslims” it is “this is a compensation which the attacking states are obliged to pay for the damages they’ve done to victorious states in war.”